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Wednesday, November 18, 2020 | History

1 edition of Spectral measurements of ocean-dumped wastes tested in the marine upwelled signature laboratory found in the catalog.

Spectral measurements of ocean-dumped wastes tested in the marine upwelled signature laboratory

Spectral measurements of ocean-dumped wastes tested in the marine upwelled signature laboratory

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  • 8 Currently reading

Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Branch, For sale by the National Technical Information Service] in Washington, D.C, [Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Waste disposal in the ocean -- Mathematical models

  • Edition Notes

    StatementWilliam G. Witte ... [et al.]
    SeriesNASA technical paper -- 1480
    ContributionsWitte, William G, United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Branch, Langley Research Center
    The Physical Object
    Pagination31 p. :
    Number of Pages31
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14932426M

    Ocean Process Analysis Laboratory Spotlight. Adam Smyth. Spatial and Temporal Occurrence of Preformed Nitrate Anomalies in the Subtropical Ocean. Adam's research involves the use of data from biogeochemical Argo profiling floats to determine the reoccurence, spatial extents, and seasonality of preformed nitrate anomalies in the global. laboratory capabilities, and other items. (b) Waste: Characteristics of the proposed waste must be analyzed for combustibility and destructibility in the proposed incineration system as well as environmental ef­ fects of stack emissions, alternative methods of disposal (such as land-based disposal and recycling), and other im­ pacts. better a measurement in turbid waters. For the instrument under discussion an r/L ratio of 1/ was selected, i.e., 20mm beam diam­ eter and one meter path length. This should provide adequate accuracy in the measurement of alpha in the ocean waters in which it is designed to be used. The chosen r/L ratio provides sufficient flux to al­.


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Spectral measurements of ocean-dumped wastes tested in the marine upwelled signature laboratory Download PDF EPUB FB2

Spectral Measurements of Ocean-Dumped Wastes Tested in the Marine Upwelled Spectral Signature Laboratory William G.

Witte, J. Usry, Charles H. Whitlock, and E. Gurganus Langley Research Center Humpton, Virginia National Aeronautics and Space Administration Scientific and Technical Information Branch Spectral measurements of ocean-dumped wastes tested in the Marine Upwelled Spectral Signature Laboratory.

Washington: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Branch ; Springfield, Va.: for sale by the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type. Spectral measurements of ocean-dumped wastes tested in the marine upwelled spectral signature laboratory.

By W. Witte, C. Whitlock, E. Gurganus and J. Usry. Abstract. Transmission and inherent upwelled radiance measurements were made of various mixtures of three ocean-dumped industrial plant wastes in artificial seawater.

active wastes on human populations and on the marine environment. The London Dumping Convention Since the Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (referred to as the London Dumping Convention, or LDC) came into force inthe dumping of waste has been regulated on a global scale.

The LDC. Considerable progress has been made in determining the amount and location of plastic debris in our seas, but how much plastic actually enters them in the first place is more uncertain. Jambeck et al. combine available data on solid waste with a model that uses population density and economic status to estimate the amount of land-based plastic waste entering the ocean.

This publication is valuable to marine biologists and environmentalists concerned with marine pollution and waste disposal systems. Show less Marine Pollution and Marine Waste Disposal documents the proceedings of the 2nd International Congress held in San Remo on December This compact spectrophotometer is designed for complex kinetics, spectral measurements, and for use with our Spectroquant ® test kits.

Utilizes high quality UV/VIS optics and accommodates up to a mm cuvette. Ideal for detecting the low levels of impurities to prevent damages to.

hundreds and food processing wastes may be in the thousands. “Detailed Chemistry” means a detailed chemical analysis of a drinking water quality sample for the chemicals listed in section 2 of Schedule C of the Environmental Protection Act Drinking Water and Wastewater Facility Operating Regulations.

Advanced Spectrometers for the Elemental Analysis of Waste Water. gas flow rates, useful for spectral lines with high excitation energies and for providing more robust plasma, which is essential for waste water samples.

The read time was set for a variable range from 2 s to 5 s using the auto-integration mode. This feature will.

test usually involves high costs and requires specific monitoring procedures to prevent loss of samples, and is not specific to test for biodegradation.

Because of that, standards have been developed to evaluate the biodegra-dation of plastics in marine conditions at laboratory, the ASTM D establish a “Standard Test Method for.

Marine Dumping has been defined as the deliberate disposal at sea of wastes or other matter from vessels, aircraft, platforms or other man-made structures, as well as the deliberate disposal of these vessels or platforms themselves.

Marine dumping. water quality parameters from spectral signatures. This study applies regression analysis to the problem of measuring water quality parameters from remote sensing spectral signature data.

It presents the equations necessary to perform regression analysis and describes methods of testing the strength and reliability of a regression. Spectral Scan vs Single Wavelength Measurements Spectral Data vs Single Wavelength Measurements Appl.

"INFLUENT" - COD [mg/l] R2 = 0,52 0 Single wavelength [Abs/m] Laboratory COD [mg/l] Application "RIVER" - NO3-N [mg/l] 2 = 0,28 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 20 40 60 80 UVnm [Abs/m] Laboratory NO3-N [mg/l. EPA is responsible for the designation and management of all such designated ocean disposal sites (33 USC ).

Management of ocean disposal sites involves regulating the times, quantity and characteristics of material dumped at the site; and establishing disposal controls, conditions and requirements to avoid or minimize potential impacts to the marine environment. Two separate instrument tune files were made for the pre-concentration and elution modes, respectively and the instrumental operating parameters are listed in Table box positioning, ion lens voltages, detector settings, sample depth and He gas flow were optimized daily using a 10 μg L −1 tuning solution of Li, Y, Ce and Tl.

The instrument was tuned for robustness rather than. We offer solutions for complying with EPA regulations by analyzing wastewater pollutants such as anti-infectives, anions and cations, metals, and organic contaminants.

Choose from a range of soultions for wastewater analysis spanning GC/MS, discrete analyzers, ICP-OES, ICP-MS, and colorimeters. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) allows direct detection of trace elements at the sub-μg L −1 level but spectral and non-spectral interferences caused by the seawater matrix elements limits direct determination by ICP-MS.

Spectral interferences are caused by the presence of polyatomic species that interfere on the. Ü Metals & Alloys Ü Non Destructive Testing Ü Rubber & Polymers Ü Food and Agro Products Ü Coal, Solid Fuels & Petroleum Ü Electrical & Electronics Ü Pharmaceuticals & Drugs Ü Building Materials Ü Minerals & Chemicals Ü Leather & Textiles Ü Water & Environment Ü Paper & Packaging Materials Ü Hazardous Substances Ü Clean Room Validation E Okhla Industrial Area.

An objective test for outliers has been described.1 If a set of data is ordered from low to high: xL, x xH, and the average and standard deviation are calculated, then suspected high or low outliers can be tested by the following procedure.

First, calculate the statistic T. Sea birds with stomachs full of plastic waste and turtles entangled in plastic bags have become symbols of the marine litter problem, but the impact at the smaller, less visible scale may be even more severe, and science is only just beginning to explore this problem.

Of particular interest are the invertebrates at the bottom of the food chains. 1 The amounts of TDS and chloride should be increased by the concentrations of these constituents in the carriage water. 2 BOD 5 is the biochemical oxygen demand at 20°C over 5 days and is a measure of the biodegradable organic matter in the wastewater.

Source: UN Department of Technical Cooperation for Development () Municipal wastewater also contains a variety of inorganic substances. MERIS-derived spectral reflectances which were in a good agreement with in-situ measurements were used to study the occurrence of blooms in the first half of the year Deep-Sea Search - he NRL-developed Deep Ocean Search System was successfully used in more than 30 search missions between and At the time, this research was said to have formed "the foundation of future ocean engineering." Meteorology - In the late s, NRL led in developing instruments and techniques for taking weather-related measurements.

ByNRL developed a. marine organisms from cosmic rays. Marine animals, therefore, received about 35 mrads per year less than animals on the surface of the earth — nearly one-third less radiation than man, thanks to the water [5].

So, the reasoning went, these marine animals, having. Two experiments were conducted to test the effect of feeding the polychaete worm Nereis virens with solid wastes collected from a marine recirculating system.

In experiment 1, worms with an initial mean weight of g were fed for 80 days with a commercial worm diet (CD), halibut fecal waste. The least a was for a sample of T6 with salinity ofand the least saline sample (opposite R.

Godavari, T7, October) had a of m À1. Ocean Dumping and Marine Pollution book. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Start your review of Ocean Dumping and Marine Pollution: Geological Aspects of Waste Disposal. Write a review.

Harold marked it as to-read Deshapriya Nanayakkara marked it as. The purpose of this study is to perform in situ and laboratory direct shear tests to evaluate the shear strength parameters of rock piles deposited during surface mining operation at the Chevron Mining Inc.

(formerly Molycorp Inc.) located in Taos County. set of measurements results in a settling velocity distribution of the larger (coarser) fraction of the sludge. These procedures require slightly more time and skill, but they are standard and straightforward methods. The third sequence of measurements is intended to provide a settling velocity distribution for the fine-fraction of sludge.

The experiment does not have a group tested in normal salinity A Japanese scientist observes that lobster shells are softer when the animals are exposed to low pH in an aquarium. He asks his colleague in the United States to conduct the same experiment using the same aquarium equipment.

The team’s measurements of FIB in freshwater streams to test whether the method could track beach pollution to a particular storm drain will be submitted for publication separately.

The Cov-IMS/ATP method could potentially become a tool for beach managers to analyze water samples in the morning and post public health warnings within a few hours. The oceans are full of know it, and we know it's a big problem.

What we don't know is precisely how big the problem is. A fluorescent dye could help scope out the tiniest pieces of garbage in our marine environments, allowing researchers to map oceanic waste in unprecedented detail and just maybe help us find solutions to this growing environmental crisis.

Captain Lawrence Swanson, head of the Office of Marine Pollution Assessment of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, writing in the June issue of Environment magazine, estimated that nationwide over 17 million tons of sludge might be ocean dumped by if major sludge producers on the East and West Coasts, who are now.

Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. Waste disposal and dredging activities: the geological perspective / M.

Grant Gross and Harold D. Palmer --Shelf-sediment dynamics and solid-waste disposal / D.S. Gorsline--Stability of dredged material deposited seaward of the Columbia River mouth / R.W. Sternberg [and others] --Geologic effects of ocean dumping on the New York Bight inner.

Waste oil 10 d. Shore installations 11 e. Natural sources ii B. Waste Disposal 11 a. Solid waste dumping 11 b. Industrial chemical waste 12 c. Municipal sewage and animal wastes 13 d. Overboard dumping of shipboard wastes 13 C.

Atomic Waste 13 a. Nuclear power plants 14 b. Research, military, hospital, and industrial Field parameter measurement is required. The recommended method is to measure specific conductance, temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, and redox potential in the field utilizing a flow cell just prior to sampling or individual field tests immediately thereafter.

Record calibration information and all measurements on the sampling form. comprehensive waste management system to regulate disposal or dumping of all materials into marine waters that are within U.S. jurisdiction, although a number of new authorities have been added. This report presents a summary of the law.

Four federal agencies have responsibilities under the Ocean Dumping Act: the Environmental. spectral transmission of the filter, and the spectral response of the detector, is shown in Fig.

soo 80 -- _ 60, 40 20 0 W00 7T V•,A'VfLENWTH IN NA•NO•tETER, Figure 3. Spectral Response of Low Angle Scattering Meter and General Angle Scattering Meter. Measurements of the elemental composition of marine plankton thus have provided a basis for estimating the source, age, and life-sustaining potential of ocean waters for over 50 years.

In addition to the previous applications, the NO 3 to PO 4 ratio (N:P), for example, can be used to examine the cycling of nutrients in surface and deep waters.Water/Oil Services Particle Count/Size.

RESULTS IN BUSINESS DAYS. Comprehensive particle size/count analysis for in-situ and flowing fluids. Graphic and tabular presentation of particle size, total counts, counts percent, surface area percent, volume percent, PPM and total suspended solids.Chapter Pollution Guide to Reading and Learning.

For many of you this is the most important chapter in the text, as it brings together the information learned in other chapters and applies it to an examination of the conflicts between ocean resource uses, pollution, and other adverse impacts on .